More on Orthopedic Surgery
There are many instances whereby a patient may need to go through orthopedic surgical procedures so as to provide a cure to their ailment. Due to the manner in which a lot of the cases present, with pain and also some form of musculoskeletal deformity, individuals are not able to perform their activities as before due to the limited range of movement. It is essential to know that the procedures usually help with the correction of anatomical musculoskeletal abnormalities, control of musculoskeletal infections and also removal of malignant and benign growths.
Joint replacement is among the many procedures that are performed on a daily basis especially in the elderly population. A common cause of this is the presence of pathological fractures and also recurrent infection. Also, another indication that is most popular is the presence of uncontrolled arthritis leading to total joint deformity. As a result of this, a person is not able to move a limb through the normal planes hence limited performance of normal activities such as basic movements. Degenerative changes in addition to the infective causes are the common causes of joint problems.
In case laboratory tests and also radiological tests do not help with the determination of the exact etiology, arthroscopy is usually indicated to aid with the determination of diagnosis. Among the most explored ones are the shoulder, knee and hip joints. In the performance of the procedure, the joint has to be opened first so as to enable detailed assessment of the extent of damage, removal of the damaged tissue and also replacement of the damaged joint. To correct the joint deformity, a total or partial joint replacement can be done. When it comes to the replacement of a joint, there are different prosthetics materials that can be used.
Excessive strain on a muscle, especially during exercise and lifting of heavy weights, can cause rupture of the muscle and this requires to be repaired surgically. Among the muscle groups that are commonly affected, the rotator cuff group is at the top. The most common presenting symptom is severe pain on the affected side with a decrease in active movement of the shoulder and upper limb on that particular side. Surgical intervention is required so as to help reduce the discomfort, pain and also restore the normal movements of the affected side.
Operative procedures in the spine are usually done due to many issues that might arise. They range from the bony deformities which cause compression to the presence of tumours on the spine. As a result of the compression caused on the cord, the spinal can is reduced and hence the back pain and the bending forward in affected patients. Even though conservative intervention may be indicated, surgical intervention may be the only definitive cure. To correct such deformities, decompression of the spinal cord is usually done or the spine can be fused.